Budget Control Act

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Budget Control Act

Budget Control Act

Act Details

Budget Control Act was, as a bill, a proposal (now, a piece of legislation) introduced on 1973-04-18 in the House of Commons and Senate respectively of the 93 United States Congress by Al Ullman in relation with: Congress, Congressional committees, Economics and public finance, Federal budgets, House of Representatives, Senate.

Budget Control Act became law (1) in the United States on 1974-07-12

It was referred to the following Committee(s): (2)

House Rules (HSRU)

Al Ullman, member of the US congress
Al Ullman, Representative from Oregon, district 2

The proposal had the following cosponsors:

James Thomas Broyhill, Republican, Senator, from North Carolina
Joel Thomas Broyhill, Republican, Representative, from Virginia, district 10
James Anthony Burke, Democrat, Representative, from Massachusetts, district 11
Elford Albin Cederberg, Republican, Representative, from Michigan, district 10
Harold Reginald Collier, Republican, Representative, from Illinois, district 6
Glenn Robert Davis, Republican, Representative, from Wisconsin, district 9
Martha Wright Griffiths, Democrat, Representative, from Michigan, district 17
George Herman Mahon, Democrat, Representative, from Texas, district 19
Henry Schoellkopf Reuss, Democrat, Representative, from Wisconsin, district 5
John Jacob Rhodes, Republican, Representative, from Arizona, district 1
John James Rooney, Democrat, Representative, from New York, district 14
Dan Rostenkowski, Representative, from Illinois, district 8
Herman Theodore Schneebeli, Republican, Representative, from Pennsylvania, district 17
Robert Lee Fulton Sikes, Democrat, Representative, from Florida, district 1
Jamie Lloyd Whitten, Democrat, Representative, from Mississippi, district 1

Act Overview

  • Number: 7130 (3)
  • Official Title as Introduced: An Act to establish a new congressional budget process; to establish Committees on the Budget in each House; to establish a Congressional Budget Office; to establish a procedure providing congressional control over the impoundment of funds by the executive branch; and for other purposes (4)
  • Short Title: Budget Control Act
  • Date First Introduced: 1973-04-18
  • Sponsor Name: Jamie Lloyd Whitten
  • Assignment Process: See Committe Assignments (5)
  • Latest Major Activity/Action: Enacted
  • Date Enacted (signed, in general (6), by President): 1974-07-12
  • Type: hr (7)
  • Main Topic: Economics and public finance
  • Related Bills: (8)

    hres715-93, Reason: rule, Type: bill
    hres1171-93, Reason: rule, Type: bill
    hr7638-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    hr7888-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    hr8141-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    hr8748-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    hr8881-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    hr9979-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    hr10434-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill
    s1414-93, Reason: related, Type: bill
    s1541-93, Reason: related, Type: bill
    s1641-93, Reason: identical, Type: bill

  • Summary of Budget Control Act: Govtrack. Authored by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress.
  • Primary Source: Congress Website

Text of the Budget Control Act

(LATEST SUMMARY) Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act – Declares the purposes of this Act. Sets forth the definitions of terms used in the Act. =Title I: Establishment of House and Senate Budget Committees= – Establishes a Standing Committee of the Senate to be known as the Committee of the Budget. Establishes such a Committee of the House. Outlines the composition and duties of the committees. Provides that each such committee shall make a continuing study of the effects of budget outlays and devise methods of coordinating tax policies with budget outlays. =Title II: Congressional Budget Office= – Creates a Congressional Budget Office and outlines the duties of such Office. States that the function of the Office is to provide information to the Budget Committees of the two Houses and to other Committees of the two Houses with respect to the budget appropriation bills and other bills providing budget authority or tax expenditures. Abolishes the Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures. Provides for public access to budget data. Directs the Director of the Office to submit to the Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report for the fiscal year commencing on October 1 of that year with respect to fiscal policy including new budget authority total outlays levels of tax expenditures under existing law projected economic factors and any changes in such levels based on proposals in the budget submitted by the President for such fiscal year. Authorizes the Director of the Office to: (1) equip the Office with up-to-date computer capability; (2) obtain the services of experts and consultants in computer technology; and (3) develop techniques for the evaluation of budgetary requirements. =Title III: Congressional Budget Process= – Sets forth a timetable with respect to the congressional budget process for any fiscal year. Prescribes under such timetable the rules for consideration of concurrent resolutions on the budget. Requires that concurrent resolutions on the budget must be adopted before appropriations and changes in revenues and the public debt limit are made. Sets forth exceptions to this provision. =Title IV: Additional Provisions to Improve Fiscal Procedures= – Provides that it shall not be in order for either House to consider any bill which provides new advance spending authority unless that bill provides that such authority is to be effective only to the extent as is provided in appropriation Acts. Requires the Director of the Congressional Budget Office to the extent practical to prepare an estimate of costs expected to be incurred in carrying out each bill or resolution. Defines
ew spending authority” for purposes of this Act. Provides that it shall not be in order for either the Senate or House to consider any bill authorizing a new budget authority for any fiscal year unless such bill or resolution is reported on or before May 15 preceding the beginning of such fiscal year. =Title V: Change of Fiscal Year= – Changes the fiscal year of the Treasury beginning on October 1 1976 to commence on October 1 of each year and to end on September 30 of the folowing year. Provides for the conversion of authorizations of appropriations to comply with the new fiscal year. =Title VI: Amendments to Budget and Accounting Act 1921= – Provides that the Presidential budget shall include the same elements as the Congressional Budget. Provides for five-year budget projections. =Title VII: Program Review and Evaluation= – Requires the Comptroller General upon request to assist any Congressional committee in developing a statement of legislative objectives and goals methods of assessment and the feasibility of pilot testing. Requires the Comptroller General when requested to assist Congressional committees in analyzing program reviews or evaluation studies prepared by and for any Federal agency. Authorizes the Comptroller General to establish an Office of Program Review and Evaluation within the General Accounting Office. Authorizes the employment of up to ten experts. Provides for a continuing study of additional budget reform proposals designed to improve and facilitate methods of congressional budget-making. Requires that such proposals shall include the following: (1) improving the information base required for determining the effectivness of new programs by such means as pilot testing survey research and other experimental and analytical techniques; (2) improving analytical and systematic evaluation of the effectivness of existing programs; (3) establishing maximum and minimum time limitations for program authorization; and (4) developing techniques of human resource accounting and other means of providing noneconomic as well as economic evaluation measures. =Title VIII: Fiscal and Budgetary Information and Controls= – Provides that the Secretary of the Treasury and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget in cooperation with the Comptroller General of the United States shall develop establish and maintain information systems for fiscal budgetary and related information. Provides that such information shall be furnished to Congressional committees upon request. =Title IX: Miscellaneous Provisions: Effective Dates= – Makes technical and conforming amendments to the provisions of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. Provides for the application of the Congressional budget process to the fiscal year 1976. =Title X: Impoundment Control= – Impoundment Control Act provides that nothing contained in this Act or in any amnendments made by this Act shall be construed as: (1) asserting or conceding the constitutional powers or limitations of either the Congress or the President; (2) ratifying or approving any impoundment heretofore or hereafter executed or approved by the President or any other Federal officer or employee except insofar as pursuant to statutory authorization then in effect; (3) affecting in any way the claims or defenses of any party to litigation concerning any impoundment; or (4) superseding any provision of law which requires the obligation of budget authority or the making of outlays thereunder. Makes technical amendments to the Antideficiency Act. Repeals the existing impoundment reporting provision of the Budget and Accounting Procedure Act of 1950.

Act Notes

  • [Note 1] An Act (like Budget Control Act) or a resolution cannot become a law in the United States until it has been approved (passed) in identical form by both the House of Representatives and the Senate, as well as signed by the President (but see (5)). If the two bodys of the Congress versions of an Act are not identical, one of the bodies might decide to take a further vote to adopt the bill (see more about the Congress process here). An Act may be pass in identical form with or without amendments and with or without conference. (see more about Enrollment).
  • [Note 2] Proposals are referred to committees for preliminary consideration, then debated, amended, and passed (or rejected) by the full House or Senate. To prevent endless shuttling of bills between the House and Senate, bills like Budget Control Act are referred to joint committees made up of members of both houses.
  • [Note 3] For more information regarding this legislative proposal, go to THOMAS, select “Bill Number,” search on (Budget Control Act)
  • [Note 4] An Act to establish a new congressional budget process; to establish Committees on the Budget in each House; to establish a Congressional Budget Office; to establish a procedure providing congressional control over the impoundment of funds by the executive branch; and for other purposes. The current official title of a bill is always present, assigned at introduction (for example, in this case, on 1973-04-18) and can be revised any time. This type of titles are sentences.
  • [Note 5] The Act is referred to the appropriate committee by the Speaker of any of the two Houses. Bills are placed on the calendar of the committee to which they have been assigned. See Assignment Process.
  • [Note 6] Regarding exceptions to President´s approval, a bill that is not signed (returned unsigned) by the President can still become law if at lest two thirds of each of the two bodys of the Congress votes to pass it, which is an infrequent case. See also Presidential Veto.
  • [Note 7] Legislative Proposal types can be: hr, hres, hjres, hconres, s, sres, sjres, sconres. A bill originating in the Senate is designated by the letter “S”, and a bill originating from the House of Representatives begins with “H.R.”, followed, in both cases, by its individual number which it retains throughout all its parliamentary process.
  • [Note 8] For information regarding related bill/s to Budget Control Act, go to THOMAS.


No analysis (criticism, advocacy, etc.) about Budget Control Act submitted yet.

Congressional committees
Economics and public finance
Federal budgets
House of Representatives

Further Reading

  • “How our laws are made”, Edward F Willett; Jack Brooks, Washington, U.S. G.P.O.
  • “To make all laws : the Congress of the United States, 1789-1989”, James H Hutson- Washington, Library of Congress.
  • “Bills introduced and laws enacted: selected legislative statistics, 1947-1990”, Rozanne M Barry; Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.

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